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Fundamental Duties and Rights of an Indian and their National Prides and Symbols

Lets us know about our fundamental duties towards our nation's integrity and our rights being an individidual provided by our constitution being citizen of India. Here about downside intention is to be familiar with our National Prides and Symbols too.

Fundamental Duties Of An Indian Citizen:

According the article 51A of Indian constitution following eleven are the prime duties of an Indian citizen towards its nation and nationalism:

  1. To abide by the Constitution and respect its ideal and institutions, the National Flag and the national Anthem;

  2. To cherish and follow the noble ideals which inspired our national struggle for freedom;

  3. To uphold and protect the sovereignty, unity and integrity of India;

  4. To defend the country and render national service when called upon to do so;

  5. To promote harmony and the spirit of common brotherhood amongst all the people of India transcending religious, linguistic and regional or sectional diversities; to renounce practices derogatory to the dignity of women;

  6. To value and preserve the rich heritage of our composite culture;

  7. To protect and improve the natural environment including forests, lakes, rivers and wild life, and to have compassion for living creatures;

  8. To develop the scientific temper, humanism and the spirit of inquiry and reform;

  9. To safeguard public property and to abjure violence;

  10. To strive towards excellence in all spheres of individual and collective activity, so that the nation constantly rises to higher levels of endeavour and achievement."

  11. To provide opportunities for education by the parent the guardian, to his child, or a ward between the age of 6-14 years as the case may be.

Fundamental Rights Of An Indian Citizen:

The seven fundamental rights recognised by the constitution are:

  1. Right to equality, including equality before law, prohibition of discrimination on grounds of religion, race, caste, sex or place of birth, and equality of opportunity in matters of employment, abolition of untouchability and abolition of titles.

  2. Right to freedom which includes speech and expression, assembly, association or union or cooperatives, movement, residence, and right to practice any profession or occupation (some of these rights are subject to security of the State, friendly relations with foreign countries, public order, decency or morality), right to life and liberty, right to education, protection in respect to conviction in offences and protection against arrest and detention in certain cases.

  3. Right against exploitation, prohibiting all forms of forced labour, child labour and traffic in human beings;

  4. Right to freedom of religion, including freedom of conscience and free profession, practice, and propagation of religion, freedom to manage religious affairs, freedom from certain taxes and freedom from religious instructions in certain educational institutes.

  5. Cultural and Educational rights preserving Right of any section of citizens to conserve their culture, language or script, and right of minorities to establish and administer educational institutions of their choice.

  6. Right to constitutional remedies for enforcement of Fundamental Rights.

  7. Right to education which ensures that children up to the age of 14 get education. It can also be free of cost.

National symbols and major facts and figures of our nation:

National Flag
Horizontal tricolor in equal proportion of deep saffron on the top, white in the middle and dark green at the bottom. In the center of the white band is a wheel in navy blue colour.
National Bird
National Flower
National Tree
National Anthem
National River
State Emblem
Ashoka Chakra
National Calender
Saka Era
National Animal
National Song
National Fruit
National Sport
National Currency
One Rupees=100 paise
National Language
17 major languages, 844 dialects
1027 millions
3.3 million squre kms
Geo Location
Indian sub-continent (South Asia)
Lies between latitudes 8 ° 4' and 37 ° 6 ' north and longitudes 68 ° 7 ' and 97 ° 25' east
7600 kms long
Religious view
Secular - religion free state
Major Religions: Hinduism, Islam, Buddhism, Sikhism, Christianity, Jainism
Political view
Sovereign, Socialist, Secular, Democratic Republic
State Unions
28 States and seven centrally administered Union Territories
Form of government
Parliamentary, based on universal adult franchise
Parliament, consists of President and the two Houses, known as Rajya Sabha and Lok Sabha
Parliament, consists of President and the two Houses, known as Rajya Sabha (Council of States) and Lok Sabha (House of the People )
Consists of President, Vice-President and Council of Ministers led by the Prime Minister
Independent of executive

Smallest, Largest, Longest, Tallest and Highest of India:

Disclaimer: The information provided under this page is just a mere try to fulfil our duty of being an Indian and spread about what basically it is meant while being an Indian. Though the information provided here was up to date as on the date of publication of this article (mentioned below); even then users are requested to refer to concerned national government official website for most recent and accurate information and for in case of any new introduction, new modification or rectification in items presented below went unnoticed by us.

Jai Dada Nagar Kheda Bada Bir

Author: P. K. Malik

Date: 25/04/2012

Publisher: NHReL

  • Constitution of India

  • NH Advisory Board

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