!!!......Wherever the word "Haryana" is used on this website, it is meant for modern Haryana, Delhi, Western U.P., Uttrakhand and Northern Rajsthan in collectivity. After the first independence revolution of India in 1857 this region was divided into four parts and keeping Delhi separately rest were merged into neighboring states by British rulers for their political and business purposes........!!!
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Economic System of Nidana
Know your village economic engine, know the basics of nation's economic cycle
Its a journey of prevailing through the ages of "Jhota Flying" and "Nidana Protection Force" to modern age cooperations, associations and corporative operations.

Motive and learnings of this study:

Our study finds that if an additional subject on village economy is added to junior level school education and curriculam, a nation can produce more efficient, sharp and intelligent individuals. Students studying in a village or city, should be taught economic operations of their respective village' or city'; if not as a regular subject then atleast like subject of moral education, for which a school itself can establish village/city level junior economic research centers and can put the students in local research by giving them assignments and if possible with incentives in terms of prize, grades or scholarships.

It will not only put them in habit of talking with facts and figures but will help them to understand a village's or city's (the smallest economic entity of a nation) in and out economic cycle. And thus will automatically create an economic oriented and confident mind towards becoming self-employed and/or employment generators in them.

Below is our its own kind of first try, where we have tried to sum up all kind of possible money generating mechanisms in a village. We have taken Nidana village as a sample. It is obvious to see many scopes of further improvements in this first of its kind of research; on which we are also working continuously. So here it is for you:

Overview: Village generates around INR 2 billion annual circulation of money. Around 65% part of it comes from Agri and Husbandry segment (around 57% from Agri and 8% from Husbandry). Rest of 35% of revenue is generated from various services, of which 14% comes from Defense Services (both border and home), around 16% comes from private businesses and services (30% of these services are secondary services to agri sector) and remaining 4% of it comes from all kind of pensions and insurance schemes.

These figures are in gross; net figures are still under study. A point-to-point detailed study is given below:

Traditional Economy of Village:

Agri sector of village can be divided into two segment, one agriculture and second animal husbandry. Both of the segments do consumptions as well as productions.

Agriculture: Village owns 2587 acres of land, 318 tube wells and 168 tractors of different brands whereas there was no tube well or tractor to irrigate or plough the land in 1966.

Agri Productions: An indetail list of village' agri produces can be read on "Crops & Aroma" page of "Agriculture" section of the site.

Agri Consumptions and Secondary Services:
  1. Traditional Ironsmiths: 10 people engaged in repairing and building small level agri-tools.

  2. Carpenters: 6, though and due to increasing use of machinery, their demand is on decline but they are still usefull to village farmers, especially to those who does agri with bull and plough.

  3. Servants and laborers: More than 300 village' own laborers work in fields on contractual and daily wages terms throughout year. Though on seasonal basis demands vary from average to higher and to fulfil this demand farmers can seen running in search of expatriate laborers from other states like U.P. and Bihar. On an average village sees 20 to 100 such laborers working in village fields. Few of them stays on permanent contract basis too.

  4. Seeds and pesticide distribution centers (Governmental and private both): Presently 4 centers; there was no single ounce of urea used in 1966 but now its consumption has increased to 10000 urea bags and 4500 D.A.P. bags per year. If taken INR 1500 per acre invested on pesticides and chemicals, it has become a circulated investment of INR 3.8 million per year. 

  5. But now, the very famous and nationwide applauded five years old "Nidana Kisaan Khet Keet Pathshala", which has been purely run by village farmers has given solution for how to do pest free agri. You can read in "Agriculture" section of the site in details on this a seemingly divine invention of village farmers, which not only has relieved them from this problem but soon going to get a more bigger international reputation.

  6. Agri-Engineering Workshops (for both farming and living being): 5 workshops where freelance skilled as well as unskilled engineers do repairing of agri machinaries and spare-parts.

  7. Agri Machinery and Tools Merchandising: Village in itself is a small market place for sale and purchase of agri machines and tools. It covers both big and small, primary and secondary machines and spare parts trading.

  8. Land and house property transfer business: It is transfer because both buyers and sellers lay within village. And that is the reason it is not counted in any profit generating mechanism to village. But transfer of property and holdings from one person to another keeps this section the most echoed recipe of village choupals and baithaks.

Animal Husbandry and its produces: After agriculture, animal husbandry is the second biggest common profession of villagers. Below are its major segments:
  1. Husbandry: Village being situated at the heartland of Haryana is very popularly known for worldwide best Buffelo breed. Otherthan Haryana and Dilli, Western U.P., Maharasthra, M.P. are the major importers of Murrah breed from village. On an average around 250 of Buffeloes are sold per year, which if to count in terms of revenue and taking one buffelo average sold INR 30000, village generates around INR 7.5 million per year from its husbandry business.

  2. Milk Collection Centers: The biggest consumption of milk is upheld by villagers itself. Now a days and in cooperation with Vita Milk Plant Jind, there are around 4 milk collection centers established in village, which supply raw milk to fulfil nation's demand of milk and produces.

  3. Deshi Ghee Production: Though there is no professional as such in this field but it is done through private network of relatives and word of mouth. Pure ghee of village costs around INR 350 to 500 per kg. Village women wagon is the key player of this field and have their individual reputation for producing quality ghee.

  4. Pig Farm: One pig farm. Other than this Kabirpanthies also do pig farming.

  5. Sheep and Goat Bussiness: Kabeerpanthies, Telies and Ravidasies are involved in this business and earn from sheep and goat wool and its general trading.

  6. Hatchery Business: Though it has been a traditional business of villagers but now organized business operators have also entered in it. Today, there are 3 hatchery farms in village, which supply eggs and chicken to Haryana and NCR region in specific and other neighboring states and distant locations on special demand and orders.

    Kabirpanthi colony is the traditional center for chicken, where there are around five shops of chicken.

Transforming and Emerging Economic Engines of Village:

Services sector of village:

Government sector services: A lump-sum of village people do civil jobs. In government sector biggest number of employees from village make it to Defense services, Police services and Teaching services in different departments of both state as well as national governments. Few of villagers are doing well in law and administration jobs too. There is a list started on page "Distinctions" under "e-Library" section of the site, where are enlisting all such people from village who works in government jobs. It should not be forgotten to mention here that major stack of defense service entrants comes from sports lobby of village.

Private and organized sector services/jobs:
Professional and corporate jobs in urban areas are attracting the younger generation of village. In the light of day by day increasing awarenss, education, interest, exposure and improving infrastructure village' youngsters are taking routs to IT, Scientific, Management and Jouralism studies. Village sees 2 to 3 MBA/IT and 4 to 5 post-graduates passing out every year and this trend is on exponential growth year by year.

Business sector of village: Beside employees lobby, village owns its own employment creation sector too. Many of these businesses have historical roots in village system and almost one and a half decade ago shopkeeping and retailing was the monopoly of certain traditional castes. But today the non-traditional castes have broken this myth and are holding most of it. And as this is the sector where things moves on customer likes and demand thus a mixtures of various new and old businesses in fashions can be seen in village.
Indian Currency

Homemade crafts and handlooms is another source of income for house women but revenue generation is very low. It is because women do it in spare time. Only a few do it professionaly but again their market remains within village or at the max to their circle of relatives and knowns. It is the sector where and if launched properly village has a huge potential for growth.

Below is a glimpse on various services created from private businesses in village, which do not only fulfil the village' daily demand and supply but generates a good revenue too. As a sum more than 200 people of villagers earn their livelihood through these operations.
  1. FMCG Retailing: Around 20 general stores (Kiryana Shops/Parchoon Shops/Pansari Shops)

  2. Books and Stationary Store: 1

  3. STD/PCO: 3 booths

  4. Electronics goods and repairing: 4 shops

  5. Hair Saloons: 7

  6. Oil Mill: 1

  7. Spinning Mills (Weaving Centers): 2

  8. Floor Mills: 2

  9. Private Medical and Health services: 2 private doctors on an average. There is one government PHC also about which you can read on "Human Development" page of "Infrastructure" section of the site.

  10. House Architects: 6

  11. Potters: 6 persons, their work is bit seasonal. Starting from Teej to Diwali festival is their peak period of business.

  12. Shoe Makers (Charmer): 5 (They do shoe repairing, new shoe making and rope repairing)

  13. Sweets Shops: On an average 2 (Laddoo, Barfi and Jalebies are their specialities)

  14. Furniture House: 1

  15. Water Suppliers: Around 12, read more on "Water Infra" page of "Infrastructure" section of site.

  16. Maid-Servants: On an average 30 to 40 maid-servants are found in village, who does daily house-chorses and assist their owners in daily tasks varying from kitchen to husbandry care.

  17. Private Transportation: Two kinds of transportation services i.e. logistics movement and human travelling. An exact estimation study is going on and will be made available soon.

  18. T. V. Cable Service Operator: One private cable network service provider who provides more than 50 T. V. channels service throughout village. He hires temporary helpers on basis of work load.

  19. Tailor shops and Sewing Training centers: 4 Shops and more than 5 training centers (Clothes and daily wearing designing and sewing)

  20. Crafts and Handlooms: As such no big cooperation or production house but some of creative house women use their spare time in designing, crafting, carving cloths and threads into wonderful house and bed decoration material like dari, bed sheets, scarves, glasspots, woolen clothes etc. Please read at "Costumes-Art" page under "Culture" section of the site for more details.

  21. Cloths Houses: 3 Local distribution centers from where you can purchase any kind of cloth of need and choice. You can also put advance oders as per your demand and choice.

  22. Education: Three privately held schools, where average 1500 students get benefitted every year (this figure doesn't include the number of students studying in two government schools in village).

Economic Individuals, Groups and Associations of Current Period:

  1. Village Musicians Group: There are 7 to 8 artists in this group, who are expert of local lyrics, ragni singing and folk theatre art. The audio album with title "Naya Dour" is one of their latest creation, which put light on double status of society. They do functions and programs on booking basis too.

  2. Village Marriage Band: Kabeerpanthies of village own this band and gets almost every marriage in village booked for them. They even go out of village like in nearby villages and other proximities and earns a good amount. They are 10 to 12 persons team.

  3. Public Announcers: One of the most ancient and traditional job, two to three persons do public announcements for you by going street to street, square to square and one corner of village to another. They charge on average INR 100 to 300 depending on cause and size of announcement.

Economic Individuals, Groups and Associations of Historical Period:
  1. Jhota Flying: This was the group of people to control unwanted and anti-social practices and persons in village, which if to define could be seen as an NGO in modern terms. Their job was to fine such people who disturb the peace and harmony of village. Their main tasks included banning any "Satsang", nailing late night ROMEOS (males in specific), eve-teasing and many more tasks. There were times when even the local police used to consult on matters with them before taking any action.

    But later on they turned to be the most dacoit groups and thus disappeared with time. The latest such group was found a decade ago. Some of its members are still alive but on the verge of vanishing their glory.

  2. Nidana Protection Force (Pahalwan Dasta): In old ages there were many dacoits and "Dhaads", who used to loot the villages like us. Us because we are known as "Gaibh" means one who live at one place and earns by hardwork. So to protect the village' interest and property, our village boasted of having its own protection force i.e. Pahalwan Dasta. This protection force was majorly constituted of Kabeerpanthi community of village and worked under the guidance of Jats (majorly) mutually with Kabirpanthies.

    Their earnings were fixed with each household, which was given in terms of "Ghee", "Milk", "Clothes" and other necessary stuff and aids. Most importantly it was the job of each house owner to assure that their share should be given on regular bases. They were welcomed like heroes each time after returning as winners from battlefield. But now as time has changed so it has also become the part of history but at one time it has been among the economic engines of village.

    One important and interested fact to know here is that this "Dasta" was directly linked with our traditional social engineering body "Khap" for whom "Dasta" was by default available for any cause of social security and welfare. So in this way they used to serve two purposes, one protecting their own village and second to serve the society on call from "Khap". And this how Khaps maintained their armies at village levels.

  3. Village Street Sweeper Association: It was like a Municipal Corporporation (Nagar Palika). Almost until two decades ago, they were incharge of keeping the village neat and clean, which was fully financed and cost of work was reimburrsed from each household.

  4. Goldsmith Shops: There were 3 but now all have moved to cities so villagers do their ornament shopping from cities.

  5. Sugarcane Curshers (Kolhu): There were times when more than 10 such mills were found across village, where fine-sugar, jaggry were prepared. A man owning such a mill was considered among rich and properous person of village.

Note: Above given facts and figures are on average basis and for the indicative purpose only. We thank you for correcting us on any of the fact or figure discussed above.

Article is under development, and more content will be added with time and proper research.

Jai Dada Nagar Kheda Bada Bir

Author: P. K. Malik

First Edition: 19/04/2012

Publisher: NHReL

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