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Water System for Village
Drinking Water:

Government Water plant: The government water supply plant (locally called as Diggi) is situated at northern periphery of village. In old days, it was the prime source of drinking water supply to three villages Nidana, neighboring Dhigana and Bhairon Kheda. Due to new “Water Supply Resolution”, presently its coverage is reduced to Nidana only.

Private Partnership Water System: There are around 12 private partnership drinking water systems running in village and are facilitating the uninterrupted supply of drinking water. How these projects started coming into existence, there is a very throat-drying but same side a cheerful saga for villagers, which is further explained in below paragraph.

Drinking Water Resolution: When it comes to availability of drinking Nidana is a semi-dry village. Situation was worse about a decade back. Ladies of the village could be seen waddling through dusty paths with water pots on their heads to fetch water from wells situated in the fields. It was a struggle to fetch every day drinking water for the household. Conditions were so pathetic that even the field wells used to dry up during summers. Government schemes and service were not adequate. In these circumstances so with an aim of eradicating this problem from the village, the first private partnership for drinking Water Supply Scheme came into existence.

First Private Partnership for Drinking Water Supply Scheme: In 1999, Rohtash Thola (a lineage in the village) people decided to establish a private water supply project at their own (It was preferred between the demands of building a temple and setting up drinking water facility and preferring the later it came as the real blessing for village ladies). Thanks to 6 acres land donated by one of the ancestors of Rohtash Thola. Each year this piece of land is put on contract for agricultural use and the final amount of this bid is used in funding the project’s operational costs.

This was first of its kind of public private partnership project which got such a huge success that now there are around 12 similar systems working in village.

The stories of other similar projects will be added to list as and when the information is received.


It is in consistency to say that Nidana’s infrastructure base has reached at the doorsteps of next age revolution for introducing the underground sewage system for smooth passage of sewage & rain water of village. Though at personal level almost every second-third home own its own latrine system but time has come to take the infrastructure base to next by architecting a common sewage project plan for village. If this project could be conceptualized & implemented then Nidana village will boast of having all basic infrastructural facilities a city might have.


The sad part of the story is that ours are at the tail of each minor flowing to village and are on the merci of header side villages of minor for uninterrupted supply of water in these minors. It is another story of struggle on how villagers have to guard their water.

Chabri-Bhidtana Water Minor: Enters to village border from north and end in the fields of west beds of village, covers almost 20% of irrigation land of village.

Morkhi Water Minor: Enters the village from north-east of village and ends in the south-western beds of village, covers more than 40% of irrigation land of village.

Ludana Water Minor: Enters the village from Eastern border and ends at east-southern beds of village fields, it covers almost 5% of irrigation land of the village.

Dhigana Rajbaha: Flows on the southern border of village in fact through the fields of Dhigana, irrigates almost 10% of irrigation land of Nidana.

Water Tube wells: As land of my village is semi-dessert so not a good condition of under earth water. Water beds under the earth vary from 20 to 50 feet deep down. Farmers use the tubewells system for irrigating their fields when there is no rain or canal water.

Monsoon and winter rains: Village farmer is heavily dependent on Monsoon and winter rains for a better hefty and economic crop yielding.

Drainage and Flood Control:

Though the village itself is situated on a slanting curve, making the older core village invincible to flood but agro-fields are most welcoming to flood as are the deepest down plains of neighboring area. So there are 3 seasonal rainy water drains to absorb the village and neighboring village water in access. Village habitant periphery is mounted with high mud-walls to safeguard the village property and live-beings from any sudden inflow of flood water.

Note: More details will be provided with topic development and time.

Jai Dada Nagar Kheda Bada Bir

Author: P. K. Malik

First Revision: 04/05/2012

Publisher: NHReL

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